My flight is at 7:25. At 6:30, instead of being at the airport, I'm mashing on the buttons of a video poker machine at The Tropicana, playing $125 hands of video poker. I haven't become a compulsive gambler-- I just found out about a casino loophole worth hundreds of dollars, and I'm trying to cash in before heading back to San Francisco.
The loophole is a promotion that several casinos have implemented to draw in new business. The terms are so favorable to the player that, with correct strategy, it is virtually impossible to lose any significant amount of money, but very easy to win hundreds.
Here's how it works at Cosmo, a new casino on the strip with very straightforward promotion rules: if you lose $100 playing machines, they will refund your $100, which must then be played through once. Most people will play this promotion suboptimally, making the promotion worth only around $20. Many more will succumb to compulsive gambling and lose the $100 refund as well.
To understand how to get the most money from this promotion, you need to understand a few things. First of all, you only get free money if you lose. Therefore, counter-intuitively, you want to employ a strategy that maximizes the chances that you'll lose, while minimizing the action you give to the casino. To do this, you play the maximum amount at the highest EV machine, stopping at a predetermined high water mark. The higher you decide to stop, the more the promotion is worth.
Here's the math:
If you decide to stop at doubling your money, you will double up 50% of the time and lose half the time. Either way, you will give between $200 and $400 of action or so, depending on how quickly you win or lose. The house advantage at a good game (video poker) is around 1.5%, so take another $6 off either way. That means that 50% of the time you will win $94, and 50% of the time you will lose $6. That makes the promotion worth around $44.
If you decide to stop at quadrupling your money, you will get there 25% of the time and lose 75% of the time. That means that 25% of the time you will win $294 and 75% off the time you will lose $6. That makes the promotion worth $69.
Octupling, using the same assumptions, will bring the expected value up to $87.
You have to determine your own set point. If you really need the money, you should probably go for doubling or tripling. If you see it as a shot to make a big win at little risk, go for quadrupling or better. The tradeoff with going with bigger numbers is that you increase the chance you'll go home a small loser.
The game to play is Jacks or Better video poker. You want to play it at the highest stakes possible that allows you to play five "coins". In the high limit slots area you will find games that allow $5, $10, or even $25 coins. For a $100 promotion, I would play two $10 coin hands ($50 each). For a $200, I would play one $25 coin hand ($125) and then three $5 coin hands ($25 x 3). This is a good strategy because the most common payouts on these machines are between 1x-9x, offering you a lot of ways to get above your setpoint. These high roller machines also have a lower house advantage than the regular machines.
If you win, you just cash out and take your money. Some casinos don't stipulate that you get a refund on your first day of playing, just your first LOSING day. In those cases, you can go try to lose again the next day. You should also go with a lower setpoint, because you aren't giving up opportunity when you win.
If you lose, you go back to the players club desk and ask for your refund, which is applied to your card.
Now your strategy changes. You want to give the casino exactly $100 worth of action at a very low stakes game. You'll always be expected to lose 1.5% of the $100, so you may as well play it on a low variance game. I suggest a 10-play jacks or better machine, betting 25 or even 10 cent coins.
You'll see billboards and signs all over Vegas for these promotions, and you can also ask the players club desks. Casinos I know of who have them at the time of this post are Cosmo ($100), Tropicana ($200), and Hooters ($200). With a good strategy, you should be able to cover your flight to Vegas just by playing these promotions. If you have several friends going, pool your play together so that you can have a higher setpoint but still not take much risk. One friend reported to me that just by playing these promos, he started getting even better offers in the mail, like $15 in free money every day he plays.
By the way, I don't expect many people to actually do this. If I had just heard about it, I would book a flight for Vegas immediately. Let me know if you do it.
Hey Ty, long time no see, buddy! Just stumbled over to take a look at your famous gear posts before a trip...
I love the mechanisms behind your thinking on this... applying maths, critical thinking, and a touch of evil to beating the system...
That said, the missing piece here is opportunity cost. The max payout of $87 is going to take at least an hour to work through with trips to player's clubs, etc...
And it seems to me that many of your readers can (or should) value their time at more than $87/hour. So it's a net loss over an hour back in the room doing something productive on your laptop.
That said, the opportunity cost flows in the other direction too... it could be keeping you from spending an hour doing something that will COST a couple of hundred bucks! It is Vegas, after all.
was wondering if you have an email address, would like to ask you something regarding your site =)
Thanks for taking care of the math for me Tynan. Now time to go see if this works...maybe swing by on the way to Burning Man? :)
Ironically I booked a flight to Vegas five minutes before reading this. I wasn't sure how I was going to pay for accommodation. Now I know!
I'm going Aug 18-22 and will implement this strategy. Sounds like I could hit up all three casinos in a day.
What do you recommend for video poker strategy?
Hey have you been profitable when going to vegas? I have a hard time even breaking even after staying at the Treasure Island. What hotel do you stay at?
Tynan....No i don't think would go there in the first place.Am not even a poker player!.I don't like to gamble in a game!.I would watch just for fun.
Thanks for the quality idea, Tynan.
Does anyone know if these gambling loop-holes are quite common, or if it's an unusual occurence?
I would add that the better EV in video poker is usually due to Royal Flush payouts. In Deuces Wild the better EV is derived from pure Royal flushes and 4 of a kind twos. And its probably smart to play a machine that has a progressive jackpot for royal flushes (usually requires max coins played.) In trying to "maximize" your loses, my gambling intuition dictates that optimal strategy would be to chase your big payout draws. Its like the Hawks from the Mighty Duck movie: "Its not worth winning if you can't win big!"
I had never gambled before and knew nothing about it, but I'd gotten too many e-mails like it. I was at my parents house for winter break during my first year at UT, and I was bored.
"Free $50 just for downloading our casino!"
Hmm. That doesn't seem very risky. I might as well download to see what it's all about.
Savy Seph gave a good account of advantage players. "The advantage players have an edge over the house given that they tend to win more than they lose. While cheating at casinos is a criminal activity, advantage players use legitimate means to beat the house. Since they play by the rules, they deserve to pocket their winnings. The casinos may frown on the advantage players but they are not able to use legal means to throw advantage players in jail. This shows that the law recognizes advantage players to be a different kettle of fish from the unethical cheaters." Card counting, a form of advantage play, was used by Ben Affleck at the Hard Rock Casino in Vegas to win $800,000 in May 2014.
Sky News had a few interesting quotes from Affleck in their 18 Sep 2014 article. "That is a true story. I mean, that took place. I took some time to learn the game and became a decent blackjack player," he said. "And once I became decent, the casinos asked me not to play blackjack. I mean, the fact that being good at the game is against the rules at the casinos should tell you something about casinos."